Dry eye syndrome is one of the most common ailments suffered by people today. It affects over 20% of the population and is perceived as a disease of civilisation. It is characterised by reduced tear production or rapid tear evaporation from the eye surface. Dry eye is a condition where the tears are unable to maintain and clear cornea and conjunctiva, and thus they remain unprotected.
Paradoxical as it may seem, the dry eye syndrome е may occur in the form of excessive tear secretion, but with changed, and inadequate composition.
Symptoms: fatigue, itching, redness, burning, foreign body sensation, dryness, sensitivity to light, rapid blinking, watery tears.
What tests can detect it: during a routine eye examination and specific qualitative and quantitative tests of the tear film.
Treatment: measures are calming the eye and control of symptoms. Lubricant eye drops known as artificial tears are usually the first step in dry eye treatment. In more serious cases special occlusion plugs can be used to allow retention of tears in the eye.
Highly moisturising eye cream or ointment can be used at night. More frequent blinking in front of the computer or TV helps for a better wetting of the eye.